Pain in the abdomen, painful sensations, and so on - most people describe the first signs of cystitis and are mistaken.
In fact, the disease is insidious and can go unnoticed for more than 3 months, affecting the mucous membranes and the deeper layers of the bladder. And the above symptoms can already be the beginning of serious complications.
The patient is needed at this stage. Medications, injections, tablets and powders are available to treat cystitis. The most effective remedy for cystitis is powder. You will learn in our article why it is worth choosing them.
Advantages of powders over tablets
To understand the main difference between a powder and a tablet, let's look at the mechanism of its effect on pathogenic microflora.
The powder is absorbed immediately after ingestion, and after a few hours the maximum concentration accumulates in the urine, which allows you to fight bacteria. On the third day, the drug is eliminated from the body.
They act on a different principle. They are absorbed into the lymph ducts in about 3-4 hours. The active substance then penetrates the digestive system, spreads through the arteries and fights microorganisms.
Thus, the powder has a number of advantages over tablets:
- It does not cause problems in the gastrointestinal tract, because it does not fall on the mucous membrane of the stomach.
- Absorbs quickly & moves instantly
- Neutralizes pathogenic microorganisms of cystitis, placed directly on the walls of the bladder.
- Enhances the therapeutic effect by taking extra water needed to dissolve the powder.
- Ability to mix with fractional dosage and other components.
- Relatively low price.
There are many powders for cystitis. Often these are antibiotics, less often - sulfenilamides or. The most popular of these are drugs from the sulfenilamide group.
The powder, which is the active ingredient of fosfomycin, is a drug based on a broad-spectrum antibiotic. The effectiveness of the drug lies in the neutralization of the enzyme pyruviltransferase, which no bacterial wall can form. Fosfomycin, which erupts on the surface of cells, also prevents pathogenic microflora from adhering to them.
The drug does not bind to plasma proteins, so it can be used by pregnant women and children from 5 years.
To alleviate the acute stage of cystitis, it is enough to take the powder in a single dose of three grams. After two hours, the agent will accumulate in the urinary system and begin to act. The effectiveness of powder for cystitis with fosfomycin is explained by the small number of bacteria that are resistant to it (1% of the total). The drug is eliminated from the body on the 4th day and is used to prevent urogenital diseases.
Another drug based on sulfacetamide is a water-soluble powder. Unlike antibiotics, it belongs to the group of sulfonamides that do not kill bacteria, but stop their growth. Due to its low cost, this drug has been widely used in the past. It is used as an adjunct medicine in a bag three times a day for a week.
Other effective means
Powdered products are used not only inside, but also to clean the bladder. In severe cases, several drugs can be prescribed at the same time: one main, and the second supportive. Therefore, it is useful to know that there are cheap analogues that have the same effect, but a longer adsorption time.
Group of cephalosporins
The drug is based on cefaclor. The maximum concentration is reached only after three uses, so the effect on the body occurs only on the second day. It is effective against gram-negative bacteria, but has a weak effect on anaerobic microorganisms. The drug is taken in a dose of 4 g per day every 8 hours.
Powder cephalosporin antibiotic. It is evenly distributed in all organs. It is partially bound to plasma proteins, so it is not recommended for pregnant women and children. It is destructive to most Gram-positive bacteria. It is quickly removed from the body. Dosage regimen 1, 5 g - 2 times a day.
The drug belongs to the group of semi-synthetic penicillins. Has a negative effect on bacteria during the active growth phase. With repeated use, resistance of microorganisms to penicillin series is observed. It has many side effects, is contraindicated in diseases of the kidneys and liver.
Before use, it is necessary to pass a urine culture and learn the cause of the disease. If there is no E. coli, taking medication can aggravate the disease.
The scheme of medication is 4 times a day, 1 teaspoon.
Principles of treatment of the disease
Treatment of cystitis should begin with identifying its causes. The causative agents of the disease are mainly coli, staphylococci, streptococci, mycoplasmas and ureaplasmas. Acute cystitis is quickly eliminated with the above drugs. already requires a different approach and adheres to the following principles:
- Complex use of drugs.Etiological treatment includes 7 days of broad-spectrum antibiotic therapy. Thereafter, nitrofurans are prescribed for up to six months.
- Local treatment. . . Pathogenic therapy aims to eliminate hormonal and immune disorders, improve genital hygiene. Training therapy is carried out. Also the most commonly used solutions of silver nitrate or heparin.
- Eliminate the source of inflammation and strengthen the immune system. . . In the presence of concomitant diseases, immunomodulatory drugs are prescribed;
- Prescribing antihistamines and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, to relieve severe pain syndrome.
- Use of serious medications, medical procedures and surgery. . . Physiotherapy and novocaine blockade are used in chronic inflammation that is difficult to treat. If the bladder shrinks, surgery may be required.
How will cystitis powder help? Inflammatory processes in the urinary tract or cystitis are not uncommon. According to medical statistics, almost half of the world's population suffers from this. The disease primarily affects women, and it occurs for a simple reason, unlike the male urogenital system, a woman has a shorter and wider urethra.
How is cystitis treated?
Such a specific structure mainly helps various pests to enter the bladder and trigger an inflammatory process. When a problem arises, the treatment of the disease becomes the main topic. In many ways, therapy is prescribed depending on the factor that causes the inflammation.
In medicine, the disease is precisely called primary acute cystitis. The initial manifestation is not accompanied by other inflammatory diseases of the genitourinary system. There are obvious signs of the disease. The acute form of the disease is treated with effective antibacterial drugs. As a rule, they are:
- antibiotics for cystitis;
- vaginal suppository;
- special powder for cystitis.
The drug should be taken on the instructions of the attending physician. If all the recommendations are followed correctly, successful treatment can be completed within 7-10 days, and if it has a very positive effect, recovery can occur within 5 days after medical treatment.
Most importantly, you should see a doctor immediately at the first signs of the disease, do not delay your visit to the clinic when the disease takes complex forms. The doctor will prescribe a course of treatment and upon completion will receive additional tests to make sure that there are no symptoms of the disease.
Synthetic antibacterial agents
There are several types of powders needed for cystitis symptoms. The first is a drug from the group of synthetic antibiotics, the active ingredient of which is a soluble powder, furazidine.
The drug is used in the following cases:
- Sepsis, ie infection of the blood with harmful particles from a source of purulent inflammation.
- Purulent infection.
- If you have pneumonia.
- Inflammation of the urethra.
- Anaerobic infection, ie bacterial infection.
Has a very long-lasting effect with cystitis. It can have a therapeutic effect for two weeks after entering the body.
The main positive quality of the drug is that it kills bacteria with gram-negative and gram-positive properties when exposed to inflamed areas. The drug also infects microorganisms resistant to various antibiotics and sulfates.
The drug is taken 2-3 times a day after meals. One ratio is 0. 1 or 0. 2 grams of soluble powder. The daily dose of the drug for children can be between 0. 2, 0 and 0. 7 g, calculated for 1 kg of child's weight.
Nutrifuran group drugs
Nutrifuran drugs are powders that the attending physician may prescribe to the patient. There are many advantages, the most convenient of which is cheap and at the same time very effective.
Effectively multiplying the price is an important incentive to get it. It is an antimicrobial agent that is often labeled as an antibiotic. The drug destroys germs that enter the body and causes destructive activity there. As a result, they are the organisms that provoke cystitis. This happens by destroying protein synthesis, which is important for a harmful cell.
Nutrifuran drugs are used in the presence of the following inflammatory processes:
In addition, it is used for prophylactic treatment of the urethra before urinary tract surgery.
The ongoing treatment regimen is selected individually for each patient. The standard instructions for use require you to use 1-2 tablets at a time. In total, this is about 150 grams per dose. This tool should be used 3-4 times a day.
The course of treatment usually lasts a week and in some cases is delayed twice.
In most cases, the reason for the development of cystitis in adults is the vital activity of bacteria in the mucous membrane of the bladder. Therefore, only a properly selected antibiotic can cope with the disease, while other drugs only weaken the symptoms. In some cases, the clinical picture is so vivid that there is no time to wait for the results of the collected tests. In this case, doctors prescribe cystitis powder to their patients. The remedy has an immediate effect, and the dosage form has a number of undeniable advantages.
Advantages and disadvantages of powder drugs
Before you start using powder for cystitis, it is necessary to evaluate not only the strengths of the product, but also its disadvantages. This is best done by a urologist. Despite the obvious effectiveness and safety of the product, it is allowed only with a doctor's permission, in therapeutic doses and not more than the prescribed time.
The table shows the advantages and disadvantages that characterize cystitis powders:
|Advantages of powder preparation||Disadvantages of preparation in powder form|
|The product is well absorbed, but does not irritate the delicate mucous membranes of the digestive system.||If the product is not taken according to the rules, its effectiveness will be minimal.|
|It should be diluted with antibiotic fluid before use. This automatically increases the amount of water you drink, which washes the bladder.||The product is excreted by the kidneys. The use of this organ with a decrease in functionality is prohibited. Otherwise, there is a risk of developing kidney failure.|
|It is enough to take 3 g of composition once to get a stable therapeutic effect.||For some patients, the taste of the powder is unpleasant. Sometimes there is nausea and abdominal pain.|
|The drug quickly eliminates the symptoms of acute inflammation. It is also effective for a disease accompanied by the appearance of blood in the urine.||For maximum effect, the bladder should be emptied before taking the medication. In some cases, it is very difficult to organize (especially against the background of dysuria).|
|Due to the simplicity of the production process, the product is cheaper than it can be in tablet form.|
Before you start taking anti-cystitis powders, you should go through all the necessary examinations and tests. In rare cases, cystitis is the result of viruses or fungi, not bacteria. In this case, the product will not help, the patient will need a different profile treatment.
Use of powders against the background of cystitis
The duration, dosage and schedule of powder antibiotic administration are determined by the attending physician. The characteristics of the patient's condition, the causes of the disease, the indications for the use of adjuvant drugs may vary. For people with acute cystitis, it is usually enough to take one product. A chronic disease requires treatment for at least 2 days, after which the patient is prescribed other antibiotics to enhance the effect. Powder preparations are not prescribed very often in chronic cystitis, and many doctors consider their use inappropriate in this situation.
- One dose for adults is 3 g of composition, in some cases this figure may fluctuate.
- Indications for a single dose reduction are the patient's age, childhood, pregnancy, and history of renal failure.
- Used with caution in diabetes, contains sucrose.
- To get rid of cystitis, it is recommended to take the powder in the evening. In this case, the bladder should be emptied. At this time, the stomach should be empty. If the drug is mixed with food, its effectiveness will be minimal.
In some forms of cystitis, the use of just one antibiotic may not be enough. In addition, the patient is prescribed antispasmodics and anti-inflammatory drugs to achieve the desired effect. Such drugs are best used as an instillation and are not only taken orally, then relief will come faster.
Indications and contraindications for the use of powders
Admission is not only possible with acute or chronic cystitis, but the antibiotic is effective in the presence of other diseases. This facilitates the treatment of patients whose inflammatory process has spread beyond the bladder. In particular, the product is excellent for acute and chronic inflammation of the urethra when stimulated by E. coli or staphylococcus. The drug is effective in preventing infectious lesions of the urinary system during surgery. Simultaneously with the treatment of cystitis, it eliminates infectious processes that occur in the body in a latent form.
Despite its relative safety, there are a number of contraindications to powder treatment:
- Children under 5 years.
- Some degree of severe renal failure.
- Intolerance to the components of the drug.
Patients usually tolerate the drug well, but sometimes adverse treatment outcomes are still noted. These can be allergic reactions in the form of skin rash, headache, heartburn, nausea. Less often there are more pronounced changes in the digestive system: vomiting, diarrhea.
What to do if the dust does not work?
Dust is not the only effective remedy for cystitis. Doctors often prescribe test results to patients with a clear clinical picture. Increased sensitivity to substances that cause inflammation of the bladder provides the first positive result shortly after the start of treatment.
If it does not give the desired effect, you can consider another treatment option with other antibacterial drugs.
Some of the products on the list are very expensive, but worth it. The main thing is not to forget about additional medications, without which antibiotics will not give the desired result. You should not give up traditional medicine. Combined with traditional therapy, it allows you to quickly get rid of unpleasant symptoms and reduce the risk of relapse.
According to statistics, cystitis affects about 50% of the world's population. In general, women are sick because their urethra is wider and shorter. What powder will help for cystitis?
The peculiarity of the female structure helps pests to penetrate the bladder, which then creates the conditions for inflammation. Treatment is usually determined by paying attention to the factor that causes the inflammatory process.
The medical name of the disease is primary acute cystitis. Symptoms are expressed individually without inflammation of the genitourinary system. Acute disease is mainly treated:
- vaginal suppository;
- powder products.
Medications are prescribed after consultation with a specialist. If you strictly follow its instructions, you can get rid of the disease in 7-10 days. It is important to see a doctor immediately with the first symptoms, as the disease can take a complex form. The specialist gives recommendations and sends additional tests to make sure he recovers at the end of treatment.
If treated on its own, symptoms can be suppressed, but the source of inflammation is not eliminated. Complications usually occur after a while, with severe manifestations of relapse.
Benefits of powders
Previously, there was only one handmade pharmaceutical production, which was made of tablets, aqueous solutions, alcohol tinctures and powders. At that time, there were no pills at all. The powders were sold in paper bags and in single doses. The pills are actually a powder, but in a gelatin capsule. It was also used to get rid of cystitis.
Now the pharmaceutical industry allows you to create tablets, suppositories, injections. Technology is evolving every day, but powder products are still used successfully. What are their merits?
- Easy production process that allows you to produce the product at a lower cost;
- Ability to complete the composition with different ingredients;
- Bioavailability (high level of absorption) - the process of spreading the dust on the intestinal surface is easy;
- The importance of dissolving the powder in the liquid increases the effect of washing on the urinary tract;
- Convenient transport and safety (dust cannot be broken). However, they have a shorter shelf life because they are affected by temperature and humidity.
The disadvantages are:
- Some ingredients have an unpleasant taste;
- Sometimes the mucous membrane is irritated;
- The powder is more suitable for home use - it is not always possible to dilute it with a liquid in working conditions.
Distribution in the body
The rate of dust absorption from cystitis in a single oral dose is moderate. Bioavailability from the gastrointestinal tract varies between 32 and 55%. The maximum concentration of dust in the blood is reached after an average of 2. 5 hours, and the half-life is up to 4 hours.
When fosfomycin enters the body, it enters the urine immediately. It does not require binding to plasma proteins and does not undergo any metabolic transformations. 4 hours after ingestion, a high drug concentration is obtained in the urine, which lasts for half a day. However, the level of activity sufficient for the onset of the bactericidal effect lasts for 2 days, which is enough to clean the urine and is very useful in the treatment of microbial diseases. Most of the drug is excreted from the body in an active form through the kidneys and feces through the intestines.
Side effects of anti-cystitis powders and medications
In addition to therapeutic effects, side effects have been reported with many medications. The instructions for use of anti-cystitis drugs show undesirable effects in the form of the following diseases:
- Neurological: headache, fatigue, dizziness, paresthesia (sensitivity change), inflammation of the optic nerve.
- Cardiovascular system: hypotension, tachycardia.
- From the gastrointestinal tract: dyspepsia (nausea, vomiting, diarrhea), abdominal pain, colitis.
- Respiration: bronchospasm.
- Allergic: itching, urticaria, anaphylaxis.
- Gynecology: vulvovaginitis.
- Hematology: leukopenia, thrombocytosis.
- Metabolic: increase in liver enzymes (aminotransferases).
These events are observed at different frequencies. If they are pronounced or if any other symptoms occur, you should consult a doctor. You may need to prescribe another medication for cystitis. However, fosfomycin is generally well tolerated. Cases of overdose are extremely rare (only if medical instructions are not followed).
Anti-cystitis powder, like any antibiotic, is not without side effects. Adverse events can be observed in different systems, but are not critical if the admission scheme is followed.
Treatment with a drug for cystitis should be carried out under the strict supervision of a physician. It should be borne in mind that the use of antibiotics based on fosfomycin can lead to intestinal dysbiosis and, in severe cases, pseudomembranous colitis. Therefore, their treatment should be corrected when appropriate symptoms appear. It should be borne in mind that food intake slows the absorption of fosfomycin, and the sucrose it contains can be a limiting factor for the use of the drug in many patients.
However, the drug, which is the active ingredient of fosfomycin, is easy to use and has a clear therapeutic effect, eliminating urinary tract infections after a single dose. Although the drug is well tolerated, its use should be agreed with and under the supervision of a physician to prevent adverse effects on the body.